Archaeologists in Egypt have found an enormous tunnel beneath a temple on the historical metropolis of Taposiris Magna, west of Alexandria.
The 4,281-foot-long (1,305 meters) tunnel, which introduced water to hundreds of individuals in its heyday, was found by an Egyptian-Dominican Republic archaeological crew, the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities mentioned in a press release (opens in new tab).
Historic Egyptian builders constructed the 6.6-foot-high (2 m) tunnel at a depth of about 65 toes (20 m) beneath the bottom, Kathleen Martínez, a Dominican archaeologist and director of the crew that found the tunnel, advised Stay Science in an e mail. “[It] is an actual duplicate of Eupalinos Tunnel in Greece, which is taken into account as one of the crucial essential engineering achievements of antiquity,” Martinez mentioned. The Eupalinos tunnel, in Samos, a Greek island within the jap Aegean Sea, additionally carried water.
Picture 1 of 2
The archaeology of the Taposiris Magna temple is complicated. Elements of it are submerged underneath water and the temple has been hit by quite a few earthquakes over the historical past of its existence, inflicting intensive harm. The tunnel at Taposiris Magna dates to the Ptolemaic interval (304 B.C. to 30 B.C.), a time when Egypt was dominated by a dynasty of kings descended from one in every of Alexander the Nice‘s generals.
Finds throughout the tunnel included two alabaster heads: one in every of which probably depicts a king, and the opposite represents one other high-ranking particular person, Martinez mentioned. Their precise identities are unknown. Cash and the stays of statues of Egyptian deities have been additionally discovered within the tunnel, Martinez mentioned.
On the time the tunnel was constructed, Taposiris Magna had a inhabitants of between 15,000 and 20,000 folks, Martinez mentioned. The tunnel was constructed beneath a temple that honored Osiris, an historical Egyptian god of the underworld, and Isis, an Egyptian goddess who was Osiris’s spouse.
Earlier work within the temple uncovered a hoard of cash minted with the face of Cleopatra VII. Excavations at Taposiris Magna and evaluation of artifacts from the positioning are ongoing.